Sandal Basics What to Look for in a Good Fitting Sandal
Perhaps one of the oldest forms of footwear is the sandal. From some of the oldest civilizations to the current world, sandals have adorned the feet of everything from kings to commoners. While they still maintain a prominent place in the world of footwear, not everyone is completely familiar with the proper fitting of a sandal. With tennis shoes and even casual or dress shoes, it is much easier to understand the fit because there is cover over the foot and there is a toe to the shoe. With sandals, though, it can be much more difficult to understand. The fit of a sandal, though, is no less important than that of other shoes, and so it is best to understand the proper fit of a sandal.
Like most other types of shoes, sandals vary greatly in look, in purpose, and in comfort. Some shoes are for use on the beach, casual attire, and even for certain sports like beach volleyball or hiking. With each type of sandal, comes a variety in look and feel. The fit of sandals, though, is actually consistent. You should, like with all of your footwear, find a pair that fits you best and will take the best possible care of your feet. So what is it exactly you should look for? Let's find out.
First and foremost, a sandal should always support you properly. When it comes to health as well as comfort, the arch of your foot needs to be cared for as much as possible. The arch of the foot is what helps you maintain posture as well as the ability to walk efficiently. To find a sandal that fits properly you want something that will support that arch. Some shoes will do that through the use of actual arch support built in from the start. Others, on the other hand, have cork soles and will mold to your foot over time. No matter which way it is done, any shoe you put on, and especially a sandal, should have good arch support to prevent fatigue as you wear them.
Secondly, a sandal should have a sole slightly larger than you foot. That may seem obvious at first, but it is easy to end up with a sandal that your toes dangle over or the sides of your foot push against. For a sandal, that in many cases has a sole that will form to your foot, you need plenty of room so that it can form properly. If the sandal has a harder sole, then it would hurt your feet if you do not have plenty of room. Everything about a sandal should be for the comfort and health of your feet and the size of the sole is no exception.
Another thing about the sole is that it should be thick. The only thing separating your feet from the ground is the sole. The sole needs to be thick enough to protect you from that wear. To keep your feet healthy, you need to keep them away from the ground and a thick sole is exactly what you need. When shoe shopping, you look for a fairly thick sole with other shoes, so why would you not do the same with your sandals? Always check the sole.
Fourth, the straps should hold your sandal on you securely. The sole needs to stay against your foot and the only way that is going to happen is if the straps keep it there. When you are shopping for sandals, try to find one with adjustable straps. Though elastic may be cheaper, you need to be able to adjust the straps as the sole wears or the straps stretch out.
When shopping for sandals there are several things you should keep in mind. Always make sure you have proper arch support so that your feet stay free of fatigue and healthy. In addition, you should find a sole that is big enough for your feet, and in addition to that it should be thick enough to protect you from the ground. Lastly, look for adjustable straps that will be able to help them fit to your feet securely. To ensure that you have all of these things, you need to make sure you try on any sandal you are thinking of buying. That is the only way you will know that it is truly the right sandal for you.
Mountaineering and rock climbing terms can be as foreign as another language if you are new to the sport. Here are the A to Z's in some of the terms you will use while participating in these exciting sports. Mountaineering and rock climbing terms can be as foreign as another language if you are new to the sport. Here are the A to Z's in some of the terms you will use while participating in these exciting sports.
A; Abseil. Abseiling is a method that can be used to safely descend using a rope, also know as rappelling. The speed at which you descend is controlled by friction that the person descending by wrapping the rope around the body or with another mechanical friction device.
B; Belay. Belaying is the term used to describe managing a rope system where one person is protecting another while he is exposed on the face of the rock. The person belaying is able to stop the rope in the case of a fall.
C; Cams and chocks are mechanical wedges and devices that are used as protection. They come in many sizes and are placed in the crack of the rock with a quick draw and karabiner which is clipped to your rope.
D; Daisy Chain is a sling, usually made of nylon, that is tied or sewn strongly into numerous sections. They can be used to clip gear to, such as your quick-draws or cams.
E; Etriers is a ladder, sewn or tied, made from rope or nylon strapping. They are used when artificially climbing or aid climbing to step up to the next aid.
F; Fifi hook. The fifi hook function is somewhat like the daisy chain?s. You can use the fifi hook to quickly "hook" into a piece of placed protection to immediately protect yourself or rest. It is only a hook, and unlike the karabiner, when the draw is slack, the hook may come unseated from the protection.
G; Girth hitch. The girth hitch is an easily tied knot used to secure nylon webbing to a partially driven piton.
H; Hero loops. Used for aid climbing, hero loops are a short sling or tie off used in aid climbing. Usually ? inch webbing threaded through protection instead of a karabiner.
I; Ice axe. The ice axe is a basic tool which looks like a traditional axe. They vary in size and have a pick on one side an adze on the other. Used primarily for arresting falls on ice and snow and assisting the climber in vertical ice climbing.
J; Jamming or Jam is wedging your hands, feet, arms, knees and legs in the cracks of the rock to facilitate holds.
K; Karabiners (or Carabineers) are the universal method of managing rope systems while climbing. They are two basic shapes, oval or "D". However, there are many shapes that stem from those, pear-shaped, off-set "D" and bent gate. They are usually aluminum, alloy or steel. There are three types; Locking, lightweight and normal.
L; Leading or leader is the climber who climbs the pitch first.
M; Monkey hang. The monkey hang is an ice climbing technique used to overcome a bulge in the ice.
N; Nut is a general term used to describe the wedges used as protection, jammed in a crack with a quick-draw attached.
O; Overhangs and roofs describe climbing terrain where just as is sounds, is climbing horizontally, upside down. The rock could either be in a cave or a jutting out rock that is over-vertical.
P; Pitons or pegs are used as protection. It is driven into the rock securely and a girth hitch or karabiner is attached.
Q; Quick-draw was originally a trade name; however the name caught on and is now used to describe an extension or short sling. Usually made of nylon webbing with sewn loops at each end to facilitate a karabiner.
R; Rack. Your rack is all of your gear you are carrying for the climb. Usually organized on your harness, and slings or tied (rope) around your body.
S; Soloing is climbing without a rope for protection.
T; Twin rope is the term used to describe using two smaller ropes together as one rope for protection.
U; Undercling or undercut is an upside down hold and is usually more difficult to hold.
V; Verglas is the thin ice that forms on rocks from rain or melting snow is frozen.
W; Well protected, is the term used to describe a route that has more than sufficient protection and runners in place.
Y; Yosemite hoist is an assisted hoist used to haul up small loads. It consists of a karabiner or pulley attached above the load, a rope threaded through the pulley and tied to the load.
Z; Z pulley rescue system, or 3:1 pulley system allows a large mechanical advantage to the puller. Used to lift heavy loads such as an unconscious climber too safety.
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