Build Your Own Residential and Commercial Track Lighting System
Track Lighting's versatility and adaptability remains the key to its popularity. Browse our selection of kits, or build your own track system for a great alternative to general room lighting, wall washing, or accent lighting. Our selection will work well in both a residential and commercial setting. Overwhelmed by all the options? Take some time to read through our guide, we'll help piece together the best configuration for you. When building your own track lighting system, there are a few factors to keep in mind:
Typical Layout Plan Combinations
The first thing to consider is your track lighting's location and the shape of the room. The most popular layout plans are:
Dog Leg Layout
Modified Grid Layout
Straight Runs: Straight Runs are the most basic form of track lighting. Link together track sections with a straight connector and piece together a simple track lighting system. "L" Layout: Construct an "L" Layout with an "L" Connector to piece together your track sections. There are two types of "L" Connectors: Inside Polarity and Outside Polarity. The Inside Polarity is generally the most popular choice. To identify polarity, orient the connector to "L" shape and the polarity grooves will intersect where indicated. Flex Connector: Create a unique track lighting system by joining track sections with a flex connectory. A Flex Connector permits a variety of track layouts at almost any angle and variation of planes, including wall-to-ceiling or even cathedral ceilings. These connectors can flex up to 90 degrees. Cross Layout: Cross Layouts are a great option for a room's complete coverage. Use the cross connector to piece sections together. Grid Layout: Create a grid for the ultimate in track lighting. Use "T" Connectors and Cross Connectors to link track sections. "T" Layout: Construct a simple "T" Layout with the "T" Connector. "H" Layout: Create an "H" Layout by using "T" Connectors. There are two types of polarity for these connectors: Inside-Right and Inside-Left Polarity. The Inside-Right Polarity type connector is most often used. To identify polarity, orient the connector to "T" shape and the polarity grooves will intersect where indicated. Dog Leg Layout: Piece together a Dog Leg Layout by using both Inside Polarity and Outside Polarity "L" Connectors. Modified Grid Layout: Use both Inside Polarity and Outside Polarity "L" Connectors to create a modified grid layout.
Progress Lighting has "put a twist" on the traditional track selection with their Illuma-Flex track system. Illuma-Flex is functional low voltage track lighting that allows unparalled simplicity and flexibility for general and accent illumination. The flexible tracks can be twisted and curved to create expressive alluring forms. Illuma-Flex features colorful glass mini-pendants combined with adjustable track heads. You can mix and match pieces on the same track to create any combination you can imagine. The adjustable heads and pendants come in many sizes, making it possible to tailor the Illuma-Flex system to the needs of any room.
Track is a surface mounted channel that holds the Track Heads. Mount the tracks directly to the ceiling, on the wall, or with pendants or cables for higher and sloped ceilings. (If you have higher ceilings, remember to place the tracks further away from the walls.) Keep in mind that track systems are normally only compatible with a given product line.
Our selection of track sections range from 2' to 12' sections. Combine any amount of sections together for your ideal arrangement. Use the suggested layouts listed above, or put together your own unique system. Power supply is available anywhere along the track, so position Track Heads wherever you need them! Use End Feeds, Canopies, "Anywhere" Power Feeds, or a Cord and Plug as your energy source.
Track Heads come in all different types and styles. Whether you're looking for a more decorative track system, a powerful light source to showcase artwork, or an unobtrusive lighting option, we have a wide selection of Track Heads to choose from. When browsing through our selection, consider the following: - Low Voltage: These track heads are usually 12 or 24 volts, consume less energry and are less expensive to maintain. (Transformer required)
Line Voltage: These track heads operate at 120 volts. (Transformer not required) PAR Lamps: PAR lamps are line voltage halogen, energy efficient, have good optics, and excellent color quality. MR-16: MR-16 bulbs are low voltage halogen lamps. Their precise beam control makes them a great choice for accent lighting. MR-16 lamps may cause shadows, so they may not be the best choice for task or general lighting. Fluorescent: Fluorescent lights are also a great alternative. They're quite cost-effective for commercial settings because of their long hours of operations.
It's important to remember that track lighting is simply a masked and glorified lamp. Decorative, round back, and flat back track heads are usually all offered with the above voltages and lamp types. Determine you're lighting needs first, choose a lamp or voltage, and then base your track head's style around your decision.
Ice figure skates and spinning. Each spin has several factors: foot, direction the skate is travelling in, rotation, and position.
Figure skating is the third most popular television spectator sport after football and baseball, yet many fans do not know the meaning of basic terminology. In ice figure skating there are two basic spins: the forward spin and the back spin. Let's look at the the forward spin.
Each spin has several attributes that define which spin it is. These attributes are: foot, direction the skate is travelling in, direction of rotation, and position. Several of these attributes are interconnected.
The most basic of these attributes is direction of rotation. This is either counter-clochwise (CCW) or clockwise (CW). Most skaters spin counter-clockwise. One notable exception is Todd Eldrege, who normally spins clockwise. Additionally, Michelle Kwan is famous for having learned to spin in both directions. This is a very difficult skill which very few skaters take the time to learn.
The direction of spin determines which foot the forward spin is performed on. The CCW spinner performs the forward spin on the left foot; the CW spinner performs the forward spin on the right foot. Let's use the CCW direction for simplicity.
For a forward spin, the skater stands on the left foot and rotates CCW. The skate is going FORWARD. That is why this is called a forward spin. Technically, there is no edge to this spin. The skater is directly over his or her skate, there is no lean to either side.
The forward spin can be performed in many different variation of position. The forward spin can be performed as a sideways leaning position (a variation allowed in the ladies' short program), a sit spin position or a camel position. The most common variation is the layback spin, which is one of the required elements in the ladies' short program. For the layback spin, the skater enters the spin, centers it and then thrusts her hips forward while lifting her leg slightly behind her and to the side. She tilts her shoulders back. Arm positions vary, but the most classic position is to have the arms lifted in a graceful arc over the chest.
For excellent examples of the forward layback, look at film of Peggy Fleming, Angela Nikodinov or Sarah Hughes. Each of them has a beautiful classic position and a lovely strong spin. For another amazing example, look at the layback performed by master-spinner Lucinda Ruh. Her layback is known for it's extremely extended back position, exquisite centering and lovely leg turn-out. Her spins are also known for their excellent quality.
The quality of a spin is often difficult for a beginning fan to judge, but the requirements for good spinning are fairly simple. As with the back spin, or with any non-edge spin, in a good forward spin the skate should pivot around a small spot on the ice. Poor quality spins often travel, that is, they spiral around on the ice instead of staying centered in one place. The position should be attractive, with turned out and pointed toes, extended limbs and graceful lines. The spin should be fast, not wobble and should have good speed entering and exiting.
Spinning is often taken for granted by the judges, but good spinning is a much better indicator of a strong skater than good jumping. Next time you watch skating, think about who is the better spinner.
For personal non-commercial use only; please check stores for current prices and exact amounts. Product specifications are obtained from merchants or third parties. Although we make every effort to present accurate information, Okto is not responsible for inaccuracies. Store ratings and product reviews are submitted by online shoppers; they do not reflect our opinions and we have no responsibility for their content.
OKto.com - 4283 Express Lane, SUITE 003-239, Sarasota, FL 34238, p: (941) 538-6941, f: 8154253395, e: support [at] okto.com
As remuneration for time and research involved to provide quality links, we generally use affiliate links when we can. Whenever we link to something not our own, you should assume they are affiliate links or that we benefit in some way.